If you have prepared your mind for being a Paramilitary commander but don’t know how to prepare for exams, don’t know the eligibility or want to know full details for preparation here is complete information for you .

Those military forces who protects the internal security of the country are known as Paramilitary forces.

All paramilitary forces function under the preview of Ministry of Home Affairs and have different components and roles. 

There are mainly two parts of the Paramilitary forces:-

  • Central paramilitary forces.
  • Central police organization.

A paramilitary refers to a semi-militarized force with an organizational structure, tactics, training, subculture, and function similar to that of a professional military, however, is not formally a part of the country’s armed forces.

The paramilitary forces of India includes pay during training and early retirements.

A person who wants to get in into the paramilitary forces is required to appear for the recruitment exam conducted for Assam Rifles, Indian Coast Guards and Special Frontier Forces. 

Roles of the central Paramilitary forces:-

Assam Rifles:-

  • provision of internal security under the control of the army
  • border security operations
  • to provide aid to the civilians in times of emergency
  • to provide the communications, medical assistance and education in remote areas.
  • As combat force to secure rear areas if needed at the time of war.
  • to guard the Indo–Myanmar border

Indian Coast Guard

  • to provide safety and protection to the artificial islands, and offshore terminals.
  • National defence during hostilities under Indian Navy.
  • to assist the Department of Customs and other authorities in the anti-smuggling operations.
  • to preserve and protect the marine ecology and environment including pollution control.
  • Law enforcement in international as well as territorial waters.
  • Collection and support of scientific data.

Special Frontier Forceesponsible for counter-terrorism duties

  • Responsible for counter-terrorism duties.
  • To conduct covert operations.
  • Training foreign military.


  • Age limit: 20 to 25 years.
  • Gender: female and male.
  • Nationality: Indian
  • Education: bachelor’s degree or graduation.


Candidates have to clear CAPF exams for joining the central Paramilitary which are taken under UPSC.

The ParaMilitary Forces exam consists of 3 categories and includes written exams, Physical ability tests and interviews.

The written test is conducted offline and includes multiple-choice questions.

1 mark allotted for every correct answer and negative marking with 0.33 marks deducted for every wrong answer.


  • This consists of 2 papers – Paper I and Paper II
  • Paper I include General Ability and Intelligence. The topics include General Mental Ability, General Science, Current Affairs, History of India, Geography of India, Economy of India.
  • Paper-II include General Studies, Essay and Comprehension.

Paper I:- 250 marks for 200 questions in 2 hours. Paper II:- 6 descriptive questions for 200 marks in three hours.

Physical Abilities:-

1. 800 metres race in 3 minutes 45 seconds for males, 4 minutes 45 seconds for females.

2. 100 metres race in 16 seconds for males, 18 seconds for females.

3. Shot put of 7.26 kg of 4.5 metres for both.

4. Long jump of 3.5 metres for males, 3 metres for females.


  • Medical allowances
  • Leave expenses
  • Post-Retirement facility
  • Ration at subsidized rates
  • Transport allowance
  • Annual leaves
  • Dearness allowance
  • House rent allowance



INR 2.25 Lac

2.Inspector General

INR 2.18 Lac to INR 1.44 Lac

3.Senior Commandant

INR 2.15 Lac to 1.33 Lac

4.Assistant Commandant

INR 1.77 Lac to INR 56,100

5.Additional Director General

INR 2.24 Lac to INR 1.82 Lac

6.Deputy Commandant

INR 2.08 Lac to INR 67,700

7.Deputy Inspector General

INR 2.16 Lac to INR 1.31 Lac

The posts are arranged according to their ranks.

Official Website:- http://www.upsc.govt.in

Thanks for reading till here!!