If you want to go to the oncology department and wants to know the informations related to it like qualification, course, eligibility, degree, here you can find the answers to your questions:

Oncology is one of the most required and rewarding jobs available in the medical field. It gives you a good amount of money as well as respect.

Demand for oncology services is expected to rise rapidly, driven by the aging and growth of the population and improvements in cancer survival rates.

What is Oncology?:

The study of treating cancer is known as Oncology. It is a branch of medicine that deals with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of cancer. A medical professional who practices oncology is an oncologist. 

Roles of Oncologist:

Oncologists are physicians whose duty is to diagnose and treat cancer. Every Oncologist works with cancer patients, but each one has a different task, different tools and a different approach to treatment.

Types of Oncologist:

  • Medical Oncology: These are trained in treating cancer and diagnosing it. 
  • Radiation Oncology: These are trained in destruction of cancer cells with radiation therapy.
  • Surgical Oncology: They are trained to manage both simple and complex cases of primary and secondary cancer. And often does surgery to remove cancerous cells.
  • Intervention Oncology: These professionals follow minimally invasive image-guided tumour therapies.
  • Gynaecological Oncology: These specialists focus on cancer in the reproductive system of women
  • Paediatric Oncology: These specialists are concerned with the treatment of cancer in children.


  • Education:12th standard Physics, Biology and Chemistry.
  • Degree: bachelor’s or Master’s degree.
  • Age limit:There is no such age limit to be an Oncologist.
  • Exams: NEET are the basic exam but for specific college you need to clear their special exams and not NEET.


Government: fresh Surgical/Medical Oncologist earns Rs. 30,000 and radiation oncologist gets 25,000.

Private: Fresh Oncologist may make Rs. 60,000 to (in a good institution) Rs. 2,00,000.


  1. Clear your +2 with minimum 50% marks in PCB and sit for NEET UG EXAM.
  2. Secure a seat in Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) a 5.5-year programme.
  3. Again sit for PG ENTRANCE NEET PG EXAM.
  4. Doctor of Medicine in Medical Oncology.


After completing MBBS these are the courses included in Oncology syllabus:

Molecular Oncology

  • Tumour Biology – Cause of cancer
  • Cancer-related genes
  • Hereditary cancer
  • Interaction between malignant and normal cells
  • Research Methodology
  • Biological behaviours of tumours
  • Stepwise transformation of tumours
  • Cell cycle control and apoptosis
  • Tumour progression and metastasis
  • Tumour Virology


  • Malignant diseases
  • Novel and developing treatments
  • Prevention
  • Cancer epidemiology
  • Clinical Trials
  • Diagnosis
  • Molecular tumour pathology
  • Major treatment principles of cancer
  • Ethics


  • Study design: trials (cross-section, case-control etc)
  • Epidemiological concepts: confounding and selection bias etc.
  • Statistical Models and Methods.

These were some of the information regarding Oncology that can help you to pursue Oncology as your career.

Hope it may have helped you..

Thanks for reading till here!!